display error message in standard format
pfmt [-l label][-s severity][-g catalog:msgid] format [args]
pfmt uses format for printf style formatting of args.
pfmt encapsulates the output in the standard error message format and
displays it on stderr.
The following options are available.
Specify the label string to be displayed
with the message (for example, ``UX:cat'').
label is a character string
that is automatically suffixed with a colon ``:''.
When unspecified, no label is displayed as part of the message.
Specify the severity string to be
displayed with the message.
Acceptable strings include the standard severities in either their print
string (that is, HALT, ERROR, INFO,
WARNING, and TO FIX) or keyword (that is, halt, error, info,
warn, and action) forms, or any other user-defined string.
A user-defined string will be assigned the integer severity value of 5.
The severity will be suffixed with a colon ``:''.
The ERROR severity will be used if no severity is specified.
The keywords and definitions of the
standard levels of severity are:
application has encountered a severe fault and is halting
application has detected a fault
application has detected a condition that is out of the ordinary and
might be a problem
application is providing information about a condition that is not in
do not print a severity message
Specify that a
localized version of format should be retrieved from a
locale-specific message database.
catalog indicates the message database that
contains the localized version of the format string.
catalog must be limited to 14 characters.
These characters must be selected from a set of all characters values,
excluding ``\0'' (NULL) or the characters ``/''
(slash) and ``:'' (colon).
Message catalogs are created with
is a positive number that indicates the index of the string
into the message database.
If catalog does not exist in the current locale (identified by the
LC_MESSAGES or LANG environment variables),
or if msgid is out of bounds,
pfmt will attempt to retrieve the message from the C locale.
If this second retrieval fails, pfmt uses the format
string as passed on the command line.
pfmt will output
Message not found!!\n as the format string
if msgid is not a valid number.
Standard error message format
pfmt displays error messages in the following format:
label: severity: text
If no label was defined using the -l label option, the message
is displayed in the format:
If pfmt is called twice to display an
error message and a helpful action or recovery message,
the output can look like the following:
label: severity: text
label: TO FIX: text
pfmt -l UX:test -s error "Syntax error\n"
displays the message:
UX:test: ERROR: Syntax error
Upon success, pfmt exits with code 0.
Upon failure, pfmt exits with the following codes:
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004