read a line from standard input
/usr/bin/read [-r] var ...
This shell script executes the builtin command of the same name as
implemented by the
for more information on this shell.
The read command reads a single line from standard input.
By default, unless the -r
option is specified, backslash (\) acts as an escape character.
If standard input is a terminal device and the invoking shell is
interactive, read will prompt for a continuation line when:
The shell reads an input line ending with a backslash, unless the
-r option is specified.
A here-document is not terminated after a newline character is entered.
The line will be split into fields as in the shell.
The first field will be assigned to the first variable (var),
the second field to the second variable, and so forth.
If there are fewer var operands specified than there are fields,
the leftover fields and their intervening separators will be
assigned to the last var.
If there are fewer fields than var operands,
the remaining var operands will be set
to empty strings.
The setting of variables specified by the var
operands will affect the current shell execution environment.
If it is called in a subshell or separate utility execution
environment, such as one of the following:
nohup read ...
find . -exec read ... ;
it will not affect the shell variables in the caller's environment.
Do not treat a backslash character in any special way.
Consider each backslash to be part of the input line.
The name of an existing or non-existing shell variable.
The standard input must be a text file.
The following environment variables affect the execution of read:
Determine the internal field separators used to delimit fields. See
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null.
If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from the
implementation-specific default locale will be used.
If any of the internationalization variables contains an invalid setting,
the utility will behave as if none of the variables had been defined.
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all
the other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single- as opposed to
multi-byte characters in arguments).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and
contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
Provide the prompt string that an interactive shell will write
to standard error when a line ending with a backslash is read and the
-r option was not specified, or if a here-document is not
terminated after a newline character is entered.
An exit code of 0 indicates successful completion; an exit code
greater than 0 indicates either that the end-of-file was detected
or an error occurred.
Standard error is used for diagnostic messages and prompts for
The results are undefined if an end-of-file is detected following a
backslash at the end of a line when -r is not specified.
The following shell command:
while read -r xx yy
printf "%s %s\n" "$yy" "$xx"
done < input_file
prints a file with the first field of each line moved to the end of
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004