tunefs -- tune up an existing filesystem


tunefs [-a maxcontig] [-d rotdelay] [-e maxbpg] [-m minfree]
[-o [s | space | t | time]] special | filesystem


tunefs is designed to change the dynamic parameters of a filesystem which affect the layout policies. The filesystem must be unmounted before using tunefs. The parameters which are to be changed are indicated by the options given below:

Command options

-a maxcontig
Specify the maximum number of contiguous blocks that will be laid out before forcing a rotational delay (see -d below). The default value is one, since most device drivers require an interrupt per disk transfer. Device drivers that can chain several buffers together in a single transfer should set this to the maximum chain length.

-d rotdelay
Specify the expected time (in milliseconds) to service a transfer completion interrupt and initiate a new transfer on the same disk. It is used to decide how much rotational spacing to place between successive blocks in a file.

-e maxbpg
Indicate the maximum number of blocks any single file can allocate out of a cylinder group before it is forced to begin allocating blocks from another cylinder group. Typically this value is set to approximately one quarter of the total blocks in a cylinder group. The intent is to prevent any single file from using up all the blocks in a single cylinder group, thus degrading access times for all files subsequently allocated in that cylinder group. The effect of this limit is to cause big files to do long seeks more frequently than if they were allowed to allocate all the blocks in a cylinder group before seeking elsewhere. For filesystems with exclusively large files, this parameter should be set higher.

-m minfree
Specify the percentage of space held back from normal users; the minimum free space threshold. The default value used is 10%. This value can be set to zero, however up to a factor of three in throughput will be lost over the performance obtained at a 10% threshold.

NOTE: If the value is raised above the current usage level, users will be unable to allocate files until enough files have been deleted to get under the higher threshold.

minfree also determines when the filesystem will automatically switch between time optimization and space optimization. If there are more than (minfree -2) percent free fragments, the filesystem will switch to space optimization. If minfree is less than 5, then any switch to time optimization will be inhibited.

-o [s | space | t | time]
Change optimization strategy for the filesystem. s and space are interchangeable, and t and time are interchangeable.

s or space
Conserve space.

t or time
Organize file layout to minimize access time.

Generally one should optimize for time unless the filesystem is over 90% full.


generic mkfs(1M), tunefs_sfs(1M)
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004