void monitor (int (lowpc)(), int (highpc)(), WORD buffer, size_t bufsize, size_t nfunc);
When used, monitor is called at least at the beginning and the end of a program. The first call to monitor initiates the recording of two different kinds of execution-profile information: execution-time distribution and function call count. Execution-time distribution data is generated by profil and the function call counts are generated by code supplied to the object file (or files) by cc -p. Both types of information are collected as a program executes. The last call to monitor writes this collected data to the output file mon.out.
lowpc and highpc are the beginning and ending addresses of the region to be profiled.
buffer is the address of a user-supplied array of WORD (WORD is defined in the header file mon.h). buffer is used by monitor to store the histogram generated by profil and the call counts.
bufsize identifies the number of array elements in buffer.
nfunc is the number of call count cells that have been reserved in buffer. Additional call count cells will be allocated automatically as they are needed.
bufsize should be computed using the following formula:
size_of_buffer = sizeof(struct hdr) + nfunc sizeof(struct cnt) + ((highpc-lowpc)/BARSIZE) sizeof(WORD) + sizeof(WORD) - 1 ;
bufsize = (size_of_buffer / sizeof(WORD)) ;
An example call to monitor is shown below:
monitor (&eprol, &etext, wbuf, wbufsz, 600);
These parameter settings establish the computation of an execution-time distribution histogram that uses profil for the entire program, initially reserves room for 600 call count cells in buffer, and provides for enough histogram cells to generate significant distribution-measurement results. [For more information on the effects of bufsize on execution-distribution measurements, see profil(2).]
To stop execution monitoring and write the results to a file, use the following:
monitor((int ()())0, (int ()())0, (WORD )0, 0, 0);
Use prof to examine the results.
The name of the file written by monitor is controlled by the environment variable PROFDIR. If PROFDIR does not exist, the file mon.out is created in the current directory. If PROFDIR exists but has no value, monitor does no profiling and creates no output file. If PROFDIR is dirname, and monitor is called automatically by compilation with cc -p, the file created is dirname/pid.progname where progname is the name of the program.