As always, there are some functions that just don't fit anywhere.
Prepares the encrypted form of a PostgreSQL password.
char * PQencryptPassword(const char *passwd, const char *user);
This function is intended to be used by client
applications that wish to send commands like
ALTER USER joe PASSWORD 'pwd'.
It is good practice not to send the original cleartext password in such a
command, because it might be exposed in command logs, activity displays,
and so on. Instead, use this function to convert the password to encrypted
form before it is sent. The arguments are the cleartext password, and the SQL
name of the user it is for. The return value is a string allocated by
malloc, or NULL if out of memory.
The caller may assume the string doesn't contain any special
characters that would require escaping. Use
PQfreemem to free
the result when done with it.