define locale environment
[name | -n]
The localedef command converts source definitions for locale
categories into a format usable by the functions and utilities
whose operational behaviour is determined by the setting of the
locale environment variables defined in
``Internationalization'' in Programming with system calls and libraries.
The command reads source definitions for one or more locale categories
belonging to the same locale from the file named in the -i
option (if specified) or from standard input.
The name operand identifies the target locale.
The localedef utility supports the creation of public, or
generally accessible locales, as well as private, or restricted-access locales.
Creation or modification of public locales is limited to
users with the appropriate privileges.
Each category source definition is identified by the corresponding
environment variable name and terminated by an END category-name
The following categories are supported.
Defines character classification and case conversion.
Defines collation rules.
Defines the format and symbols used in formatting of monetary information.
Defines the decimal delimiter, grouping and grouping symbol for
non-monetary numeric editing.
Defines the format and content of date and time information.
Defines the format and values of affirmative and negative responses.
The following options are supported:
Create permanent output even if warning messages have been issued.
Specify the pathname of a file containing a mapping of character
symbols and collating element symbols to actual character encodings.
This option must be specified if symbolic names (other than collating
symbols defined in a collating-symbol keyword) are used.
If the -f option is not present, the character mapping for
the default C locale is used.
The pathname of a file containing the source definitions.
If this option is not present, source definitions will be read from
Do not create output.
This option is useful for debugging source definitions.
The name operand identifies the locale.
If the name contains one or more slash characters, name
will be interpreted as a pathname where the created locale definitions
will be stored.
If name does not contain any slash characters, the locale is
created in /usr/lib/locale and the locale will be public.
This capability is restricted to users with appropriate privileges.
(As a consequence of specifying one name, although several
categories can be processed in one execution, only categories belonging
to the same locale can be processed.)
Unless the -i option is specified, the standard input must be
a text file containing one or more locale category source
When lines are continued using the escape character mechanism,
there is no limit to the length of the accumulated continued line.
Locale information is kept in the directory /usr/lib/locale.
If a locale category source definition contains a copy statement,
and the copy statement names a valid, existing locale, then
localedef will behave as if the source definition had
contained a valid category source definition for the named locale.
The character set mapping file specified as the charmap
option-argument is described in
X/Open Interface Definitions, Version 4 Issue 2,
Section 4.4, Character Set Description File.
The character mapping mehcanism has been extended from the standard to
more easily handle UTF and EUC encodings.
Any of the following directives are accepted in the charmap file:
<encoding> euc m1:d1,m2:d2,m3:d3
where the default is ``none'' for single-byte locales and
``utf-8'' for multibyte locales.
If the encoding directive for ``utf-8'' is not included in
the file, you can use ``\U''hhhh in a character
definition to force UTF encoding for that character (replace
hhhh with hexadecimal integers).
The third form of the directive must be specified for EUC encodings.
In the third form, the arguments must specify the number of bytes
in the multibyte sequence (not including the SS2 or SS3) and the
display width; one set of values must be provided for
each of codesets 1, 2, and 3.
The following environment variables affect the execution of
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that
are unset or null.
If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from the
default C locale will be used.
If any of the internationalization variables contains an invalid
the utility will behave as if none of the variables had been defined.
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the
other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single as opposed to multi-byte
characters in arguments).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and
contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
The utility reports all categories successfully processed.
The following exit values are returned:
No errors occurred and the locales were successfully created.
Warnings occurred and the locales were successfully created.
The locale specification exceeded implementation limits or the coded
character set or sets used are not supported; no locale was created.
The capability to create new locales is not supported.
Warnings or errors occurred and no output was created.
If an error is detected, no permanent output will be created.
If warnings occur, permanent output will be created if the
-c option was specified.
The following conditions will cause warning messages to be issued:
If a symbolic name not found in the charmap
file is used for the descriptions of
the LC_CTYPE or LC_COLLATE categories
(for other categories, this will be an error conditions).
If the number of operands to the order keyword exceeds the
If keywords not supported are present in the source.
The charmap definition is optional, and is contained
outside the locale definition.
This allows both completely self-defined source files, and
generic sources (applicable to more than one codeset).
To aid portability, all charmap
definitions must use the same symbolic names for the portable
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004