uucp, uulog, uuname --
UNIX-to-UNIX system copy
uucp [options] source_files destination_file
uulog [options] system
The uucp command copies files
named by the source_files arguments to the destination_file argument.
The uulog command queries a log file
of uucp or uuxqt transactions in the file
The uuname command lists the names of systems known to uucp.
A source filename may be a pathname on your machine or may have the form:
where system_name is taken from a list of system names that uucp
The destination system_name may also include a list of system names such
In this case, an attempt is made to send the file, via the specified route,
to the destination.
Care should be taken to ensure that intermediate nodes in the route are
willing to forward information.
The shell metacharacters
will be expanded on the appropriate system.
These utilities process supplementary code set characters
according to the locale specified in the LC_CTYPE
environment variable (see LANG on
except that system-dependent names (for example, user names) and
grade given to the -g option (see below)
must be specified in ASCII characters.
When shell metacharacters are used, the target system must also be able
to process supplementary code set characters.
Pathnames may be one of:
If the result is an erroneous pathname for the remote system,
the copy will fail.
is a directory, the last part of the
name is used.
a full pathname
a pathname preceded by
is a login name on the specified system
and is replaced by that user's login directory
a pathname preceded by
is appended to
note that this destination will be treated as a filename unless
more than one file is being transferred by this request or
the destination is already a directory;
to ensure that it is a directory, follow the destination with a ``/'';
for example, ~/dan/ as the destination will make the directory
/var/spool/uucppublic/dan if it does not exist and put the requested file(s)
in that directory
anything else is prefixed by the current directory
uucp removes execute permissions across the transmission
and gives the following read, write, and ownership permissions
The -m option will only work when sending files or receiving a single file.
Receiving multiple files specified by special shell characters
``?'', ``'' and ``[...]'' will not activate the -m option.
with uucp files being transferred to a user who has a valid login on
the destination system, the directory created will have 0770 permissions, the
file(s) will have 0660 permissions, and they will be owned by the destination
with uucp files being transferred to a non-existent user (for example,
due to a typographical error) on the destination system, the directory created
will have 1777 permissions (sticky bit turned on) and the file(s) will have
0666 permissions, and will be owned by uucp.
The forwarding of files through other systems may not be compatible with the
previous version of uucp.
If forwarding is used, all systems in the route must have compatible versions
The uucp command takes the following options:
Do not copy local file to the spool directory for transfer to the remote
Force the copy of local files to the spool directory for transfer.
Make all necessary directories for the file copy (default).
Do not make intermediate directories for the file copy.
grade can be either a single ASCII letter/number or a string of ASCII
alphanumeric characters defining a service grade.
command can determine whether it is appropriate to use the
single letter/number or a string of alphanumeric characters as a service grade.
The output from uuglist will be a list of service grades that are
available or a message that says to use a single letter/number as a grade of
Output the uucp job identification string on the standard output.
This job identification can be used by
to obtain the status
of, or to terminate a uucp job.
It is valid as long as the job remains queued on the local system.
Send mail to the requester when the copy is completed.
Notify user on the remote system that a file was sent.
Do not start the file transfer, just queue the job.
Report status of the transfer to file.
This option overrides the -m option.
When the status file is created, it is assigned the owner
attributes of the parent directory.
The parent directory where the status file is to be written must be
publically writable to allow uucp to create the status file.
If file already exists, it must be publically writable,
so that uucp can append the status information to it.
If a file exists in the target directory with the same name as the file being
transferred, do not overwrite the existing file.
Instead, try to create a new file.
If the file is named file, create file.N where N is a
The number appended to the filename will begin with 00 and will increase by 1
for each subsequent file of the same name to a maximum of 99.
If another version of the file cannot be created, the user is notified by mail.
If the length of the filename is equal to the maximum for the system, no new
version is created.
If the length of the filename is less than the maximum for the system but the
filename and the suffix are greater than the maximum, the suffix will be
It is therefore possible for files whose names are one or two characters
shorter than the maximum system filename length to be overwritten.
Produce debugging output on standard output.
debug_level is an integer between 0 and 9 inclusive; as it increases to 9, more
detailed debugging information is given.
This option may not be available on all systems.
The uulog command takes the following options:
uulog with no options prints all logging information for every system
that has contacted your machine.
Print logging information about file transfer work involving system system.
Performs a tail -f of the file transfer log for system.
(You must hit <Break> to exit this function.)
Look in the uuxqt log file for the given system.
Indicates that a tail command of number lines should be executed.
The uuname command takes the following options:
Return the names of systems known to cu.
The two lists are the same, unless your machine is using different
/etc/uucp/System files for cu and uucp
Return the local system name.
For security reasons, the domain of remotely accessible files may be
You may not be able to access files by pathname.
You may also not be able to send files to
As distributed, the remotely accessible files are those whose names begin
/var/spool/uucppublic (equivalent to ~/).
Protected files and files that are in protected directories that are owned by
the requester can be sent by uucp.
However, if the requester is root, and the directory is not searchable
by other or the file is not readable by other, the request will
When using uucp,
it is currently not possible to configure the character size and parity
for the connection.
This information is hard-coded in uucpio.
uucp attempts to establish a connection
with a character size of 7 bits and even parity.
If the remote system is not using this mode
(or a compatible mode),
the attempt to establish a connection will fail.
If the connection succeeds,
all subsequent data transfers will use full 8-bit characters.
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004