idbuild -- build new UNIX system base kernel or configure loadable modules


/etc/conf/bin/idbuild [-B] [-#] [-K] [-Q] [[-I include-path] . . .]
[-O output-file] [-S] [[-M module-name] . . .] [-x]
[[-D symbol] . . .] [[-U symbol] . . .]
[-C] [-F] [-x] [-c] [-n]


One of the ID/TP (Installable Driver/Tunable Parameters) kernel configuration tools, idbuild builds a UNIX system base kernel and/or configures loadable kernel modules using the current system configuration in $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf.

idbuild uses the environment variables $ROOT and $MACH from the user's environment to compose its starting path as $ROOT/$MACH. Except for the special case of kernel development in a non-root source tree, the shell variable $ROOT should always be set to null or to ``/''; if $ROOT is null or ``/'', $MACH is ignored (treated as null).

Before idbuild uses the system configuration, it calls idconfupdate(1M) to synchronize the resource manager database and the sdevice files.


idbuild takes the following options:

Rebuild the kernel immediately. If any other options are used, it is not necessary to specify this one.

Always clean temporary files if the -K option is not set, regardless of available space. Without -C or -K, temporary files are cleaned only if space is low.

Print debugging information.

Force a full rebuild, ignoring modification times. Without this option, only out-of-date components are rebuilt. This option is not normally required and will be removed in a later release.

Keep the temporary configuration files and object modules created by idbuild. This can allow you to perform a quick rebuild using the -Q option.

Perform a quick build, where some of the normal processing and compilation of configuration-dependent files is skipped. To use the quick build option, you must have the temporary configuration files and object modules from the last rebuild of the kernel, which are kept when you use the -K option for a normal build.

Use the quick build option with caution. The use of this option precludes the use of the other configuration options, except for -#, -K, -O, -l. This option should not normally be required and will be removed in a later release.

-I include-path
Search the specified directory for #include files before searching the default directory, $ROOT/usr/include. This option can be repeated on the command line as many times as needed to list all the directories to be searched.

-O output-file
Place the kernel in output-file rather than placing it in the default file $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/cf.d/unix.

Statically link all the configured kernel modules into the base kernel.

-M module-name
Configure the specified loadable kernel module and put it into the $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/mod.d directory, using a file named the same as the module. The -M option can be repeated on the command line as many times as needed to include all the required modules. More details about using this option are listed below.

Supress checks of the System(4dsp) files in the sdevice directory. Sdevice file information is ignored. All modules are assumed to be configured into the system. Modules capable of being loadable are configured loadable. No resource conflict checking is done.

No build. Check for configuration and symbol errors, but do not actually build any modules. No changes are made to any files. Like -c, all modules are assumed to be configured into the system. Implies the -S option.

Limit the symbol table information attached to the newly generated kernel to the global symbols.

-D symbol
In addition to the standard symbols, #define the specified symbol when configuration-dependent files are compiled. This option can be repeated on the command line as many times as needed to specify all the required symbols.

-U symbol
#undef for the specified symbol when the configuration-dependent files are compiled, even if the symbol normally would be defined. The -U option overrides any -D option specified for the same symbol, and can be repeated on the command line as many times as needed to specify all the undefined symbols.


Building a UNIX system kernel consists of three steps. First, configuration tables and symbols, and module lists are generated from the configuration data files. Second, configuration-dependent files are compiled, and then these are linked together with all of the configured kernel and device driver object modules. Third, if the loadable kernel module feature or a kernel debugger is enabled, kernel symbol table information is attached to the kernel.

The kernel is, by default, placed in $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/cf.d/unix.

If the kernel build is successful and $ROOT is null or ``/'', idbuild sets a flag to instruct the system shutdown/reboot sequence to replace the standard kernel in /stand/unix with the new kernel. Then, another flag will be set to cause the environment (device special files, /etc/inittab, and so on) to be reconfigured accordingly.

If one or more loadable kernel modules are specified with the -M option, idbuild will configure only the specified loadable kernel modules and put them into the $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/mod.d directory. Otherwise, a UNIX system base kernel is rebuilt with all the loadable modules reconfigured into the $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/modnew.d directory, which will be changed to /etc/conf/mod.d at the next system reboot if $ROOT is null or ``/'' (see modadmin(1M)).

If a loadable module has already been loaded, but to another major device range, you can either unload the module and then use idbuild with the -M option, or use idbuild without the -M option and reboot the system. If you attempt to use the -M option for a module already loaded at another major device range, idbuild will fail with error ENXIO.

When loadable kernel modules are configured with the -M option, idbuild also creates the necessary nodes in the /dev directory, adding and activating /etc/inittab entries if any Init file is associated with the modules, and registering the modules to the running kernel. This makes them available for dynamic loading without requiring a system reboot.

Base kernel rebuilds are usually needed after a statically linked kernel module is installed, when any static module is removed, or when system tunable parameters are modified. If you execute idbuild without any options and if the environment variable $ROOT is null or ``/'', a flag is set and the kernel rebuild is deferred to next system reboot.


The configuration data files needed as input for each module are described in:


These files must be installed in $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf using idinstall(1M) prior to invoking idbuild. In addition, idbuild expects the following files to be in $ROOT/$MACH/etc/conf/cf.d:

This file contains a list of extra cc(1) arguments to use when compiling configuration-dependent files (including Space.c files); these should be of the -Dxxxxxxx or -Uxxxxxxx, where xxxxxxx is used to define or undefine platform-specific pre-processor symbols (for example, -Dat386 or -Dhector). This file is provided as part of the base system and should not be modified.

This platform-specific mapfile is passed to ld(1) to control the kernel linking. This file is provided as part of the base system and should not be modified.

This file contains site-specific tunable parameter values. You should access the stune file using idtune(1M).

Exit codes

Since idbuild calls other system commands to perform the system reconfiguration, link editing, and symbol table set up, it will report all errors encountered by those commands. In general, the exit value 1 indicates an error was encountered by idbuild and the exit value 0 indicates success.

The errors encountered fall into the following categories:

If, when loading a module using the -M option, a driver module is already loaded at a different major device range, the idbuild command will fail with the error ENXIO. In this instance, idbuild reports that module configuration is completed, meaning that the configuration completed with a failure condition. In this instance, the module load has still failed. A description of what to do if this happens follows in the next section of this manual page.

If the idinstall of a particular module fails during reconfiguration, a message is displayed indicating the failure, then the reconfiguration continues.


Dtune(4dsp), Ftab(4dsp), idconfupdate(1M), idinstall(1M), idmkinit(1M), idtune(1M), Init(4dsp), Interface(4dsp), Master(4dsp), Mtune(4dsp), Node(4dsp), Rc(4), Sd(4), Space.c(4dsp), Stubs.c(4dsp), stune(4dsp), System(4dsp)
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004